Category Archives: Uncategorized

US researchers study link between sugar, insulin and cancer

Pile of Sugar Cubes over Wooden Background
The work of a team of researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine, New York state, has highlighted important links between glucose, insulin and many forms of cancer.The team is led by Dr Lewis Cantley, an eminent cancerresearcher whose ground-breaking work in this field began in the 1980’s, with his discovery of an enzyme known as phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). In the years since, PI3K has been implicated in as many as 80% of cancers and is called a ‘master .

Hospital medication errors affect one in three people with diabetes

A third of people with diabetes who are admitted to hospital experience a medication error during their stay, according to Diabetes UK.The figure is one of many laid out in the charity’s Facts and Stats update. The statistics can help to inform and improve diabetes care within the UK.The charity reports that a quarter of people with diabetes struggle to get the medication or equipment they need to manage their diabetes. A quarter of people are not prescribed the amount of test .

Vitamin C linked to reduced glucose levels in type 2 diabetes

Vitamin C supplementation is associated with improved blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes, research suggests.A small Australian study, published in the journal Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, reports that people with type 2 diabetes who took a vitamin C tablet two times a day reduced their blood glucose spikes after meals by 36%.The Deakin University research revealed people who took the vitamin C supplements spent almost three hours less a day with high blood glucose levels. A .

Research provides new insights into diabetic retinopathy risk

macro human eye
People with diabetes could reduce their risk of diabetic retinopathy for every hour they achieve target blood glucose levels, research suggests.Chinese researchers reported the association following a study of 3,262 people with type 2 diabetes. A total of 780 people in the study had diabetic retinopathy before it began. On average, the participants were aged 60 years and had elevated average HbA1c readings of 74 mmol/mol (8.9%). They wore continuous glucose monitors for a three-day period and had their time measured in .

Heart disease risk is lower in frail people who exercise more, study suggests

Doing exercise reduces the risk of older people developing frailty and can lead to a longer life, research from Spain has suggested.There have been calls for individualised care to be rolled out for older people with diabetes, who are more at risk of becoming frail. And previously, the benefits of physical activity have been shown to reduce falls and improve walking, balance and muscle strength.Exercise has also shown to be able to improve health for people with type .

Weight gain from childhood to adulthood could impact type 2 diabetes risk

The rate of weight gain from childhood to adulthood could impact type 2 diabetes risk differently to having high body mass index (BMI) throughout life, research suggests.More and more children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and efforts are being made to combat this trend. The government has made a series of proposals to challenge childhood obesity – which significantly increases the risk of type 2 – and cutting down on sugar and junk food has shown to be essential for physical and .

Type 2 makes up more than 90 per cent of diabetes diagnoses in America

A study looking at current diabetes rates in the US has shown that the proportion of people with diabetes that have type 2 is above 90 per cent.The University of Iowa has found that of those who have diabetes mellitus (diabetes resulting in high blood sugar), 91.2 per cent have type 2 diabetes, 5.6 per cent have type 1 diabeteswith the remainder making up a number of other types of diabetes.According to the American Diabetes Association there are 30 million people .

Go to bed at the same time each night, researchers say

Woman sleeping in a bed in a dark bedroom
Going to bed at the same time each night could have benefits for the heart and metabolism, a US study suggests.Getting good quality sleep has long been linked to improved health, while sleep irregularity is thought to be linked to obesityand an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.Scientists from the Duke University Medical Center, based in North Carolina, studied the sleeping patterns of almost 2,000 people aged 54-93, none of whom had any history of sleepdisorders.The participants wore devices .

One blood test may be enough to accurately diagnose type 2 diabetes.

The way type 2 diabetes is diagnosed could be simplified in the future after US researchers say one blood test is sufficient to identity the condition.At the moment two blood tests are required to determine a diagnosis. But now a team from the Bloomberg School in Maryland, US, say they think just one solitary test is enough to accurately diagnose someone. The researchers recruited 12,268 participants without diagnosed diabetes from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study – .

Oral type 1 diabetes medication under FDA review in US

Woman taking pills. Depressed young woman taking a pill while standing against grey background
An oral type 1 diabetes drug that can be taken alongside insulin is set to be reviewed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).Sotagliflozin (marketed as Zynquista), made by pharmaceutical companies Sanofi and Lexicon, is a dual SGLT1 and SGLT2 inhibitor. This means this one tablet has two different functions. The SGLT1 inhibitor part of the drug works by delaying the process of glucose being absorbed by the intestines, which helps avoid the .